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Age Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)

AMD is a progressive eye condition that affects central vision and is a leading cause of vision loss in people over 60 years old. Complete or total blindness does not occur because peripheral (side vision) is maintained. There are two types of AMD: dry and wet. The dry form is the most common type and accounts for 85% of all cases. Deposits called drusen are present. The wet form is least common and is the more severe form. Leaky blood vessels and bleeding can occur.

Risk Factors

  • Smoking
  • Ultraviolet Light (Sun)
  • Hypertension
  • Age
  • Females > Males
  • Caucasian
  • Poor Diet

Treatment

  • Currently there is no cure, but controlling your risk factors can help limit progression.
  • Protect eyes from sunlight. Look for sunglasses marked “blocks 99% UV” or “UV absorption up to 400um”
  • Stop smoking
  • Eat right and take your vitamins. Anti-oxidants (Vit A,C, E) , Zinc, and Lutein are important
  • Lose weight and exercise
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Posted by on February 2, 2012 in Macular Degeration, Retina

 

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