AMD is a progressive eye condition that affects central vision and is a leading cause of vision loss in people over 60 years old. Complete or total blindness does not occur because peripheral (side vision) is maintained. There are two types of AMD: dry and wet. The dry form is the most common type and accounts for 85% of all cases. Deposits called drusen are present. The wet form is least common and is the more severe form. Leaky blood vessels and bleeding can occur.
- Ultraviolet Light (Sun)
- Females > Males
- Poor Diet
- Currently there is no cure, but controlling your risk factors can help limit progression.
- Protect eyes from sunlight. Look for sunglasses marked “blocks 99% UV” or “UV absorption up to 400um”
- Stop smoking
- Eat right and take your vitamins. Anti-oxidants (Vit A,C, E) , Zinc, and Lutein are important
- Lose weight and exercise